Let’s face the truth. Not all women have a hassle free and comfortable menstruation every month. Most of them run into period problems at some point. Often it might be just a one-time thing but if it keeps happening, it is time for you to consult a doctor.
Period problems can include irregular bleeding, heavy or light bleeding, missed periods, delayed periods, period pain or absence of periods.There are treatments that can help with period problems.
Normally, a doctor will examine you by asking a few questions about your symptoms, medical history and current health condition.
Who gets period problems?
Any woman of any age can get period problems.
Most people think that period disorders happen mostly during puberty and gradually they disappear but it doesn’t always happen like this. Period problems can affect women during their late teens all the way up to their early 40s.
While treatment for period disorders is easily available, a lot of women often prefer not to talk about it. But not getting help for the problem can have an effect on someone's physical and mental wellbeing.
Discussing your condition with a doctor and taking the right treatment can be the best way to start.
So, the answer to the question ‘Who gets period problems?’ is anyone (and in some way or another, at some time, probably everyone).
How common are menstrual period problems?
The monthly menstruation period might be a time of discomfort for you. Trust us, it is the same for most women. A study on the menstrual health condition of women in India found that more than 68% women experience severe discomfort during their menstrual cycle. They often complain about tiredness, cramps, bloating, back ache, weakness and mood swings.
The other common problems that women experience are period pain, irregular periods, PMS (premenstrual syndrome), heavy periods (menorrhagia), missed periods (amenorrhea), and period delay.
The study also revealed that:
50% women have irregular periods
47% have period pain
49% experience tiredness
Unfortunately, most of the time women do not seek help for their period problems. So, it’s not really possible to accurately estimate how common period problems are. But experts do think that most women get period problems at least once, even if only for a short time.
When we present you with stats, data, opinion or a consensus, we’ll tell you where this came from. And we’ll only present data as clinically reliable if it’s come from a reputable source, such as a state or government-funded health body, a peer-reviewed medical journal, or a recognised analytics or data body. Read more in our editorial policy
What causes period problems?
Period problems aren’t always a sign that something is wrong. Sometimes they can just happen. But if your period changes or becomes more uncomfortable than usual, it’s worth talking about just in case there is something causing it.
Menstrual problems can be triggered by a range of things: hormonal fluctuations in the body, use of oral contraceptives, thyroid conditions, unhealthy lifestyle, being overweight, doing too much exercise, family inheritance, stress and anxiety.
Gynecologic disorders like endometriosis, PCOS, uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or premature ovarian insufficiency also cause painful periods and period irregularity.
Can period problems lead to other problems?
Period problems themselves – such as irregular periods or painful periods – often don’t lead to more serious physical issues, but sometimes they can be a sign of an underlying condition that needs medical attention.
Menstruation is a critical part of every woman's health. Menstrual problems if left untreated can lead to stress and anxiety as well as other serious health issues like infertility, ovarian cancer, endometriosis or anemia.
How do medicines for period disorders work?
Oral medications are usually the first line of treatment that doctors suggest. These medicines vary in terms of multiple factors like brand, active ingredient, composition, dosage and cost.
Synthetic progestins like Norethisterone and Medroxyprogesterone are most commonly used as treatment for period disorders.
Norethisterone is a synthetic version of the progesterone hormone which the female body produces naturally and works the same way.
Progesterone helps your uterus prepare for pregnancy. Throughout your menstrual cycle, progesterone levels fluctuate. When your progesterone levels increase, the lining of your uterus thickens and gets ready for a fertilized egg to implant. If your progesterone levels drop, the tissue lining of your uterus sheds and menstruation starts.
Norethisterone keeps your progesterone levels stable, which creates an artificial condition mimicking the time for ovulation. This helps to prevent the symptoms that appear due to low progesterone levels. Women can get relief from PMS symptoms like cramps, bloating, fatigue, back ache and weakness by taking norethisterone. It also helps treat heavy periods, irregular periods, missed periods and absence of periods.
Medroxyprogesterone is another version of the female hormone progesterone. It replaces or supplements the naturally-produced progesterone in the body. It prevents the tissue lining of the uterus from growing and makes the uterus produce some hormones.
Medroxyprogesterone helps in treatment of abnormal vaginal bleeding, endometriosis, amenorrhea (absence of periods) and also restores normal period cycles.
When do I need to contact a doctor for my period problems?
Period problems can often be short term or pass on their own. But it’s worth seeing a doctor if you’re at all concerned or notice any changes. This is especially the case if:
you haven’t got your first period by the age of 15
you haven’t had a period for more than 90 days
your periods continue even after 7 days
your periods come before 21 days or after 35 days of your last period
you’re having severe period pain
you have excessive heavy periods that requires you to change your sanitary pad every 1-2 hours
you notice bleeding or spotting after sex.
When these trouble you, take help from your doctor.
FAQ: Period problems
Have something specific you want to know about Period problems? Search our info below, or ask our experts a question if you can’t find what you’re looking for.
What is the normal menstrual cycle?
The menstrual cycle differs from woman to woman. While a 28-day cycle is often thought of as the ‘standard length’, most women have cycles ranging between 21–35 days.
Girls in their early teens often experience irregular menstrual cycles which might range between 21–45 days.
If you are having period irregularities – for example your periods haven’t come for more than 90 days, they continue even after seven days or come before 21 days or after 35 days of the last period – it is time for you to consult a doctor. They will be able to help you with the best treatment.
PMS: How to deal with it?
PMS or premenstrual syndrome is a combination of physical, psychological and behavioral changes that occur in women 7–14 days before their periods. Almost 90% of women complain about discomfort like bloating, abdominal pain, food cravings, mood swings, irritability, pain in back and thighs, fatigue and anxiety before their periods.
Usually the discomfort due to PMS is mild and goes away once menstruation starts. But some women do have severe symptoms that cause difficulty in their day-to-day activities.
Making a few lifestyle adjustments can help you manage PMS.
Doing some kind of aerobic exercise like brisk walking, jogging or cycling at least 30 minutes a day helps reduce PMS symptoms. It also improves the functioning of the heart and lungs.
Having a healthy diet can lessen PMS signs and symptoms. So if you can, avoid alcohol and caffeine, reduce intake of sugar and salt, have lots of fruits and vegetables and increase foods rich in calcium (green leafy vegetables, curd and fish) and complex carbohydrates (whole wheat bread, brown rice, lentils, and cereals).
Women with PMS should try and get around 8 hours of sleep every night. This helps reduce anxiety, irritability, fatigue and mood swings. Relaxation methods like yoga, meditation or breathing exercises are also helpful.
If you have mild or moderate symptoms, making these lifestyle changes may help you. If you don’t get any relief from these simple approaches, you may have to consult a doctor. In most cases, medication may be recommended.
PCOD vs PCOS
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) and Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are two health conditions related to the ovaries with minute differences between the two. Every woman has two ovaries which hold large supplies of eggs within themselves. Every month one of the ovaries releases an egg. These eggs need to grow and mature to be ready for fertilization. Hormones help these eggs to mature.
PCOD is a health condition in which the ovaries have a large number of immature or underdeveloped eggs. These eggs are not discharged from the ovaries and eventually turn into ovarian cysts. PCOD usually occurs due to hormonal imbalance in the reproductive system. Stress, genetics, high insulin blood level and being overweight can also cause PCOD.
Irregular periods, missed periods, abdominal weight gain and hair loss are some of the symptoms of PCOD. Usually PCOD happens in women between 18–45 years.
PCOS is an endocrine system disorder. It is similar to PCOD but is more severe in nature. The intensity of hormonal imbalance, levels of male hormone (androgen) produced and the number of ovarian cysts formed is more in PCOS than in PCOD. Some common symptoms include irregular and heavy periods, darkening of the skin, excess growth of facial and body hair, acne or male pattern baldness.
PCOS may cause stress and infertility in women.
Diagnosing PCOS at the early stage can be effective. A healthy diet, regular moderate exercise, managing weight, reducing weight and proper medication can help manage PCOS though might not be able to eliminate it completely.
What is endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a common gynecological disorder in which the tissue that lines the inner part of your uterine cavity grows outside it. The lining of your uterus (or womb) is called endometrium.
Endometriosis occurs most commonly on the ovaries. It is sometimes also found on the fallopian tubes, outer part of the uterus, vagina, vulva, bowel, rectum or bladder.
The endometrial-like tissue works just like the regular uterine tissue which grows, thickens, breaks down and bleeds during each menstrual cycle. With endometriosis, the blood cannot exit from the body and gets trapped. This affects the surrounding areas which tend to swell or develop scar tissue and adhesions.
The common endometriosis symptoms include severe period pain or cramps, back ache, excessive bleeding, pain during sex, infertility, pain during urination or bowel movements, blood in your stool or urine, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, fatigue or bloating.
The intensity of endometriosis pain doesn’t always indicate the severity of the condition. You might have Stage I (minimal) endometriosis but suffer from extreme pain. While on the other hand, you might have Stage IV (severe) endometriosis with little or almost no pain.
If you’re experiencing any symptoms consistent with endometriosis, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Can you get side effects from treatment for period problems?
Yes. Some mild side effects may occur but they usually go away after sometime. Loss of appetite, headache, acne, hair loss, weight gain or loss, bloating, spotting, irregular vaginal bleeding, breast tenderness, nausea, and dizziness are some possible examples.
It’s rare, but some women do get serious side effects from medicines for period problems. This includes sudden vision changes, shortness of breath, difficulty in swallowing, numbness in an arm or leg, severe chest pain or abdominal pain, fever, swelling of the hands, feet, or ankles, skin or eyes turning yellowish or skin rash.
If any of these trouble you, talk to a doctor immediately. They might suggest a different medication or change your dosage.
Why should I buy treatment for my period problems online with Treated?
At Treated, we help you get the right treatment for your period problems with ease. Talk to us about your health and we’ll suggest treatment options that are safe for you.
We’re flexible too. You can choose to receive your medicines at your door whenever you need them. Simply tell us when and how much you would like to receive every time. We’ll do the rest. Change, pause or cancel your plan anytime.
We are here to help you with any questions you have. So, if you’d like to make any changes or are unsure about anything, just log in to your account and send us a message. We’ll be in touch with you regularly to find out how you’re getting on with your treatment.
Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any questions or concerns about your health, please talk to a doctor.
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